Chittorgarh Fort| UNESCO World Heritage Site In Rajasthan

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Chittorgarh Fort  considered a symbol of the chivalry, endurance and courage of Rajput. The fort is 175 kilometres east of Udaipur and is considered to be named after the person who built it, Chitrangada Mori. The famous Fort Chittorgarh, one of the largest in India, is located on a 180-meter-high hill that rises from the banks of the Berach River. 

The fortress is known for its seven doors, namely Padan Gate, Ganesh Gate, Hanuman Gate, Bhairon Gate, Jodla Gate, Lakshman Gate and the main gate named after Lord Ram. There are many palaces in Chittorgarh Fort, such as Rana Kumbha Palace, Fateh Prakash Palace, Victory Tower and Rani Padmini Palace. All these structures are significant for their architectural characteristics of Rajput. There are also many temples in the fortress. A big attraction is the huge complex of Jain temples. The Chittorgarh fort was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2013 along with other forts in Rajasthan.

History Of The Majestic Chittorgarh Fort

Given the age of this fortress, there is no clear evidence to support the origin of the fortress. However, there are many theories that are still under discussion. The most common theory states that the fort was built by Chitrangada Mori, the local ruler of Maurya. 

Due to the majestic appearance of the fortress, many rulers in the past tried to capture it and try to make it their own. Bappa Rawal of the Guhil dynasty was one of the first rulers to successfully capture the fort. It is said that he was captured by the fortress around 730 AD. C. after defeating Moris, to whom the fort belonged. Another version of the story says that Bappa Rawal did not capture the fortress of Moris, but the Arabs who had captured him from Moris before the arrival of Bappa Rawal.

 It is said that Bappa Rawal was part of an army led by Nagabhat I of the Gurjara Pratihara dynasty. It is assumed that this army was strong enough to defeat the famous Arab troops, which were then considered imperial on the battlefield. Another legend says that Moris gave the fort as part of Bappa Rawal’s dowry when they shook hands with one of their princesses in marriage to Bappa Rawal.

Mughal Emperor Akbar's Invasion In Chittorgarh Fort

In 1567, Mughal Emperor Akbar, who wanted to conquer all of India, fixed his eyes on the famous Fort Chittorgarh. During this time, the site was dominated by Rana Uday Singh II of the Mewar dynasty. Akbar had a massive army, and most of the rulers of India accepted defeat before testing Akbar’s powerful army on the battlefield. Several brave kings, like Rana de Mewar, showed resistance to Akbar’s demands. This led to a war between the Mughal emperor and the Mewar army. After a bloody battle that lasted several months, Akbar defeated Rana Uday Singh II’s army and took possession of Chittorgarh and with him a fortress. The fortress remained with the Mughals for a long time.

Design Of The Fort

The fortress, seen from above, looks roughly like a fish. Covering an area of 700 hectares, the perimeter of the fortress itself covers an area of 13 kilometres. There are seven massive gates that protect all entrances. The main gate is called Ram Gate. The fortress has 65 structures including temples, palaces, monuments and water bodies. There are two major towers on the fort’s grounds, Vijay Stambha (Tower of Victory) and Kirti Stambha (Tower of Fame)…

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